Rebranding for the Roumanien Ministry of Tourism
The Ministry of Tourism initiated the procedures for The Brand of Roumanien Tourism
Roumanie obtained 2nd place at Berlin International Tourism Fair
Russia's interest for Roumanien Spas
Setting. Altitude. Relief
This area occupies the western part of the country, between the border with Hungary, the Danube Valley in the south and the border with Ukraine in the north. It includes the following counties: Caras-Severin, Timis, Arad, Bihor, Oradea, Satu Mare. In Caras-Severin there are geographical units that belong also to the Southern Carpathians as well as to the Western Carpathians. In the southwest there is the Danube Valley, Timis County includes a vast plain area as well as mountains in the east part of the county - Poiana Rusca Mountains. Arad County also corresponds to a plain area the West Plains. The Western Hills represent the intermediary area between the plain and Apuseni Mountains. On the territory of Bihor County there are several high mountain peaks such as: Bihor, Vladeasa, Codru Moma, Padurea Craiului and Plopis. Bihor Mountains represent a very interesting touring area for mountaineers as well as for climbers. In this area you will encounter dazzling abysses such as: Iedutului, Moara Dracului; ravines in Cetatile Ponorului, steep rocks and valleys, such as Valea Galbena; caves such as Focu Viu that shelters a glacier ranking second after Scarisoara. In Padurea Craiului Mountains the same limestone structures were modeled into several caves out of which we mention Meziad cave and Vantului, which is the longest cave on the territory of our country. In Satu Mare County you can find the western part of the volcanic mountains Oas and Ignis. The altitudes of the mountains in this area generally decrease from east towards west.
- airports: Timisoara, Satu Mare, Caransebes, Arad
- highways: there are 562 km from Bucharest to Timisoara on E70 (Bucharest - Pitesti highway included); E81 from Bucharest-Pitesti-Sibiu-Sebes-Cluj Napoca-Zalau-Satu Mare; E64 from Sebes, through Deva to Arad; E79 Deva-Oradea; E60 from Cluj Napoca to Oradea. Besides these important routes, several highways cross the entire area.
- several railways are between Bucharest and the west of the country and they pass through Prahova Valley or through Olt Valley, across the Southern Carpathians, the highest mountains in our country.
- moderate continental in the north of the region with lots of rain brought by west winds from the Atlantic Ocean. In our country Bihor County is the region with the highest rate of precipitations, especially in Stana de Vale.
- in the south part of the region there are Mediterranean influences with warm winters and lots of rain. That is why the resorts in Banat Mountains (Semenic) are very popular and gather lots of tourists fond of skiing.
In this touring area there are approximately three million inhabitants on a surface of about 37.000 sq km. Timisoara is one of the largest cities in this area, having over 330.000 inhabitants, thus being ranked the fourth city in Romania. Besides Romanians, in this area there are also Hungarians, Germans and others.
Timisoara is the residence city of Timis county and due to its beauty it was called either "the city of flowers" or "the city of forests". Timisoara is the first Romanian city where common transportation by water was used on Bega canal. In the same year it becomes the first city in Europe where the horses-pulled tram was used for public transportation. In 1884, Timisoara becomes the first European city to be lit electrically (there still is a street-lamp in front of Banat Museum that reminds of this event). On 20th December 1989 becomes the first liberated city in Romania. It is the only city in Romania that has three state theatres where plays are played in three different languages: Romanian, Hungarian and German.
Oradea is the residence city of Oradea county, being an important cultural, economical and commercial center, situated at the intersection of different commercial routes. In the 15th and 16th centuries several manufactures were developed here, mentioned in various documents. In the 15th century an astronomic observatory is mentioned in Oradea (the first to be mentioned in this part of Europe).
Satu Mare - the residence city of Satu Mare county, one of the oldest cities in the western part of the country, situated near the border with Hungary. It is renown for its springs of water highly used in curing rheumatic affections.
Arad - residence city of Arad county, situated along an important railway that connects Eastern Europe with the Western part of the Continent ( Bucharest - Arad - Curtici - Budapest - Vienna ). The first documentary attestation of this locality is made in a document dating back to the 11th century (1078-1081).
Resita - the residence city of Caras Severin county, is renown for its industrial tradition. The year 1872 marks the construction of the first steam locomotive in our country.
Moneasa is situated at 110 km away from Arad and it has springs with mineral water appreciated even from Roman times.
Baile Herculane is located in a very beautiful area at 19 km away from Orsova, 106 km away from Resita and at 72 km away from Caransebes. Romans dedicated this resort to their god Hercules and it is the oldest resort in Romania and one of the oldest in the world because it has been functioning uninterruptedly from 1734. The setting and scenery around Baile Herculane are favorable for sightseeing tours or trips.
Stana de Vale (Bihor County) is also a renowned mountain resort. Skiing and sleighing are very popular sports here during wintertime. Close to Stana de Vale there are several touring points such as: the caves Focul Viu, Ursilor, Meziad or Cetatile Radesei.
Semenic is situated on the Plateau of Semenic Mountains, at 40 km away southeast from Resita. It is also renowned for the sports practiced during winter. Cheile Carasului is an interesting touring point not far from Semenic.
Baile Felix situated at 8 km away from Oradea in the south. It is one of the most famous spas in Romania, renown even from Ancient times.
Banat Museum is to be found in Timisoara, in Huniade Castle built by Iancu of Hunedoara, a Transylvanian prince, between 1443 and 1447 on the spot where an old castle built by Carol Robert of Anjou had been. It is considered the oldest monument in Timisoara.
Banat Village Museum is also situated in Timisoara; you don't have to travel around Banat in order to visit its villages, all you can do is go to this museum and in a couple of hours you will have completed a "tour" and will have seen everything that is characteristic to Banat traditional culture and civilization.
"Casa cu pom de fier" ("the House with an Iron Tree") is in Timisoara. It has this name because in a niche of the house there is a tree in which apprentices used to put an iron nail as soon as they finished the training period.
The Monument of the Holy Trinity is situated in front of the Dome in Timisoara. It was sculpted in Baroque style in Vienna between 1739 and 1740 and it was brought to Timisoara on Bega canal. It was erected following the orders of Deschan - the city's counselor - who wanted to thank God that the plague epidemic was over.
Victory Monument - was given to the city of Timisoara by Emperor Frantz Iosef in 1853 as a token of his gratitude towards the army that was faithful to him during the 1848 Revolution.
The Roman-Catholic Cathedral (The Dome) - is in Timisoara and it was built according to the plans of architect Iosif Emanuel Fischer von Erlach, son of Johan Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, the one who built the Imperial Palace in Vienna, Schonbrunn. The Dome is the most valuable architectural masterpiece in Timisoara and it belongs to the Baroque style. Its acoustics are excellent, that is just why they choose this place for concerts and recordings.
The Metropolitan Cathedral in Timisoara was built between 1936 and 1946 and it has elements taken from Byzantine style as well as from the style specific to Moldova.
The Ethnography and History Museum in Caransebes exhibits different objects from Banat area as well as from other parts of the country.
Steam Locomotives Museum is situated in Resita where you can see the first locomotive made here in 1872.
Memorial House "Traian Vuia" is located at 21 km away from Lugoj, in the locality that bears the name of the pilot and inventor who was born and lived here (1872-1953).
The Culture Palace (1913) in Arad, was built in an eclectic style. At present it shelters the Municipal Library, the County Museum and the Philharmonic Orchestra.
The Old Theatre in Arad is the oldest theatre in Transylvania.
The Roman - Catholic Cathedral in Oradea (1752-1790) is the largest Baroque style church in Romania. It was made a basilica in 1991 by Pope John Paul the 2nd.
"The Moon Orthodox Church" in Oradea (1784-1790) has this name due to the fact that under the church tower clock there is a sphere that indicates all the phases of the moon.
"Tara Crisurilor" Museum in Oradea is a copy made after Belvedere Palace in Vienna.
"Tara Oasului" Museum in Negresti Oas (Satu Mare county) exhibits a collection of Oas typical clothes.
Corund Wooden Monastery (Satu Mare county) was built in 1723 and it is the most beautiful in this area.
If you decide to visit this area, we suggest the following sightseeing tours:
In case you want to visit Meziad cave, you should start from Beius and head north crossing Delani village famous for the main occupation of its inhabitants (they process sheep skin and turn it into unique jackets). Then you go through Remetea, Meziad village and further on to Meziad cave, one of the largest caves in Romania. From here you can continue towards Stana de Vale (there is a 7 hour trip in a beautiful mountain scenery).
Crisul Repede Valley is on of the most attractive and accessible touring area in Padurea Craiului Mountains, in Bihor County. While crossing this area you can visit Vantului Cave (the "Wind" cave), which is considered the longest cave in our country because it measures 50 km in length. It is considered a preserved natural "monument" and only tourists accompanied by professional guides can visit it. In the area of this valley you can get either by railway from Oradea-Cluj, or by highway from Topa de Cris and Vadu Crisului.
Valea Iadei is another sightseeing attraction that is worth to be seen. Following the course of the river you will encounter wonderful natural settings: lakes, pastures, caves. We mention here Pestera cu Apa in Bulz, the barrier lake at Lesu.
The carst plateau in Padis - Cetatile Ponorului represents also a very interesting geographical area. You can get to Padis through Sudrigiu either on railway or highway on Oradea - Vascau route.
Cefa is a locality situated in the vicinity of Felix or 1 Mai resorts and it is famous for the lakes where you can fish. Further on, heading towards Salonta you can also visit a resort called Tinca situated on the right bank of river Crisul Negru and which is highly recommended for treating digestive problems.
Baile Herculane - Bozovici - Anina - Oravita - Moravita - this route crosses the central and the southern part of Banat Mountains starting from Cerna Valley, crossing Almaj Depression and then going along Minis Valley.
In Oas Mountains we recommend the following routes: Negresti Oas - Tur valley - Gorova Valley - Selatruc (tour marked by a red cross); or Huta Certeze - Florii Cave - Delta spring - Rotundu peak (tour marked by a blue cross).